El Paso stands on the Rio Grande river across the Mexico–United States border from Ciudad Juárez, the most populous city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua.El Paso has a strong federal and military presence.; from Spanish, "the pass") is a city in and the seat of El Paso County, Texas, United States. The region of over 2.7 million people constitutes the largest bilingual and binational work force in the Western Hemisphere. The two cities, along with Las Cruces in the neighboring U. state of New Mexico, form a combined international metropolitan area sometimes referred to as the Paso del Norte or El Paso–Juárez–Las Cruces.However, the region was claimed by Texas as part of the treaty signed with Mexico and numerous attempts were made by Texas to bolster these claims.However, the village which consisted of El Paso and the surrounding area remained essentially a self-governed community with both representatives of the Mexican and Texan government negotiating for control until Texas irrevocably took control in 1846.
A year later, pioneer Anson Mills completed his plan of the town, calling it El Paso.The United States Senate fixed a boundary between Texas and New Mexico at the 32nd parallel, thus largely ignoring history and topography.A military post called "The Post opposite El Paso" (meaning opposite El Paso del Norte, across the Rio Grande) was established in 1854.El Paso remained the largest settlement in New Mexico until its cession to the U. in 1848, when Texas took possession of it with the Compromise of 1850.The Texas Revolution (1836) was generally not felt in the region, as the American population was small; not being more than 10% of the population.It was then headquarters for the 5th Regiment California Volunteer Infantry until December 1864. On October 16, the day of the summit, Burnham and Private C. Moore, a Texas Ranger, discovered a man holding a concealed palm pistol standing at the El Paso Chamber of Commerce building along the procession route.