The four authors come from widely different backgrounds and have published books which have been much the focus of criticism of religion narratives, with over 100 books and hundreds of scholarly articles commenting on and critiquing the four Horsemen.
The works have spawned debate in multiple fields of inquiry and are heavily quoted in popular forms of media (online forums, You Tube, television, popular philosophy).
"This work was supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG) within the funding programme Open Access Publishing." Die Artikelbearbeitungsgebühren können auf Antrag vollständig aus den von der DFG und der Universität Regensburg zur Verfügung gestellten Mitteln übernommen werden, sofern die aufgeführten Kriterien erfüllt sind.
Lucretius, like Epicurus, felt that religion was born of fear and ignorance, and that understanding the natural world would free people of its shackles; In the 18th century Voltaire was a deist and was strongly critical of religious intolerance.In the 19th century the terms "World Religions", "Buddhism", "Hinduism", "Taoism", and "Confucianism" first emerged - no one before that century self-identified as a "Hindu" or other similar identities.Today, religion is broadly conceived as an abstraction which entails beliefs, doctrines, and sacred places - even though the ancient and medieval cultures that produced holy scriptures (for example: the Bible, the Quran, etc.) did not have such conceptions or ideas in their languages, cultures, or histories.Folgende Bedingungen setzen eine Übernahme der Publikationsgebühren voraus.Die von der DFG bereit gestellten Mittel dürfen nicht für die Freischaltung von Aufsätzen in prinzipiell subskriptionspflichtigen Zeitschriften (nach dem Modell "Open Choice" u.ä.) aufgewendet werden.Philosopher Sam Harris, in The End of Faith, focuses on violence among other topics.