Prevalence of sexual assault on college campuses

As a result of non-reporting, sources that rely on police records or official crime reports, such as the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports, may underestimate the number of rapes and sexual assaults in a given year.of women have been victims of rape or attempted rape since starting college.For estimates specific to college campuses, the American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment (ACHA-NCHA-II) Reference Group Data Report (2013) found that last year 8% of women (4% of men) were sexually touched without their consent, 4% of women (1% of men) experienced unwanted attempted penetration including vaginal, anal, or oral sex, and 2% of women reported that they were sexually penetrated without their consent.In 2012, IU had the third-highest reported number of sexual assaults at 27 (Penn State had the highest number at 56).The so-called "Dear Colleague" letter advised academic institutions that they must make changes to how they handle sexual assault allegations, including lowering the standard of proof, setting time limits on a response to allegations, and limiting the accused's rights to cross-examine the complainant.

Campus sexual assault is defined as the sexual assault of a student attending an institution of higher learning, such as a college or university.Estimates of sexual assault, which vary based on definitions and methodology, range from 0.61% of female students sexually assaulted annually to 19–27% of college women and 6–8% of college men sexually assaulted during their time in college.In response to charges that schools have poorly supported women who have complained of sexual assault, in 2011 Office for Civil Rights under the Obama administration used an interpretation of Title IX to issue "guidance" to universities.Although survivors of sexual violence suffer psychological consequences, they may reason that the costs of reporting—e.g., loss of privacy, humiliation, having to testify to police or at a college disciplinary hearing—outweigh any potential benefits.Women of color, women who are raped by an acquaintance or family members, and women who were using drugs or alcohol when they were assaulted are generally less likely to report the crime to police.In contrast, researchers who survey student populations compile estimated statistics.


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