Figure 1 compares the biblical timeline with the pertinent dynasties of the conventional Egyptian chronology.
In this scenario, part of the Israelite sojourn and the Exodus would align with the 18th Dynasty.
Adding 479 years (480 years inclusive) to 967 BC yields 1446 BC as the year of the Exodus.
The Exodus was preceded by a 215 year Israelite sojourn in Egypt, with about the latter half being spent in slavery.
The manner of the date’s mention in the Bible implies that it was revered as a keystone of Hebrew history and had been carefully preserved.
The way it is written in the Hebrew implies that it is intended to be a precise figure (see Cassuto (1961, 52)) .
More recently, the scene has been changing, due to the growing realization that there are deep-seated problems with the Egyptian chronology.
A number of investigators (e.g., Courville 1971, Aling 1981, James 1991, Rohl 1995, Stewart 1999, Ashton and Down 2006) have dared to challenge the “orthodox” view, pointing out that portions of the chronology are unrealistically expanded, which pushes the preceding Egyptian history further back in time than is justified.
The reign of King Solomon can be calculated from the biblical king lists and their correlations with the contemporary Assyrian chronology.
One reason is the lack of evidence for the Exodus in the supposedly “corresponding” Egyptian time frame–that of the 18th Dynasty (1550-1352 BC). Figure 1 compares the The Egyptian history of the 18th Dynasty period does not harmonize with the biblical depiction of an Egypt crippled by plagues and a destroyed army.
Yet, the biblical date has not changed in three millennia, while the proposed Egyptian chronology is of relatively recent construction, and still in a state of flux, with four major downward dating revisions in the last 100 years (Stewart 1999, 319).
The date also correlates with the length of Israel’s period of Judges (Young and Wood 2008), with Jephthah’s argument in Judges , and with the Jewish Sabbatical and Jubilee calendar (Young 2003).
However, despite its seeming bedrock character, the 1446 BC date has largely been ignored or maligned by the modern theorists.